How Can the Janka Test Help Me Select Which Species of Wood I Should Use?
We are often asked many questions such as: “There will be a lot of traffic on my stairs and I am afraid of scratches or dents. How can I determine which species of wood should I use?”. The answer is the Janka Test!
When determining the species of wood to use for your stairs, another consideration besides colors, grain, style is the hardness. Therefore we would refer you to the Janka test. The Janka test measures the force required to embed an 11.28 millimeter (0.444 inch) steel ball into wood to half its diameter. The Janka test measures the force required to embed an 11.28 millimeter (0.444 inch) steel ball into wood to half its diameter. This method was chosen so that the result would leave an indentation 100 square millimeters in size. It is one of the best measures of the ability of a wood species to withstand denting and wear. It is also a good indicator of how hard a species is to saw or nail.
The hardness of wood usually varies with the direction of the wood grain. If testing is done on the surface of a plank, perpendicular to the grain, the test is said to be of “side hardness.” Testing the cut surface of a stump would be called a test of “end hardness.”
|Ipe / Brazilian Walnut / Lapacho||3684|
|Cumaru / Brazilian Teak||3540|
|Brazilian Redwood / Paraju||3190|
|Red Mahogany, Turpentine||2697|
|Brazilian Cherry / Jatoba||2350|
|Santos Mahogany, Bocote, Cabreuva||2200|
|Hard Maple / Sugar Maple||1450|
|Red Oak (Northern)||1290|
|Brazilian Eucalyptus / Rose Gum||1125|
|Black Cherry, Imbuia||950|
|Southern Yellow Pine (Longleaf)||870|
*References: The Janka Hardness Test”